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Wednesday, July 20, 2016

More Spending on Home and Community-Based Services

In The Politics of Autism, I discuss state Medicaid services for people with intellectual and developmental disabilities.

A report by Truven Health Analytics for the Center for Medicare & Medicaid Services finds that total federal and state Medicaid long-term services and supports (LTSS) spending was about $152 billion in federal fiscal year (FY) 2014, a 4.0 percent increase from the previous year.
The percentage of Medicaid LTSS attributable to HCBS [home and community-based services] continued to increase in Federal Fiscal Year (FY) 2014, one year after HCBS accounted for a majority of Medicaid expenditures for the first time. The percentage of total LTSS spent on home and community-based services (HCBS) increased from 51.3 percent in FY 2013 to 53.1 percent in FY 2014. The shifting balance was caused by a 7.7 increase in HCBS spending, from $74.9 billion to $80.6 billion. Institutional service  spending was flat, with only a 0.2 percent increase from $71.1 billion to $71.2 billion.
The percentage of LTSS expenditures for HCBS continued to vary across population groups. HCBS accounted for 75 percent of spending in programs targeting people with developmental disabilities, compared to 41 percent of expenditures for programs targeting other large population groups: older people or people with physical disabilities, and people with serious mental illness or serious emotional disturbance. HCBS spending for all three populations increased relative to institutional services in FY 2014, but the historical differences in HCBS spending across the groups remained.